Why Is Proper Nutrition Important In Women Of Childbearing Age

What is maternal diet?

The consumption of a varied and balanced diet from the preconceptional period is essential to ensure maternal well-being and favorable outcomes of pregnancy.

Even in the most industrialized countries, specific dietary intakes in pregnancy and lactation are often inadequate..

How does nutrition affect a child’s development?

During childhood, under-nutrition causes children to have less energy and less interest for learning, which negatively influences cognitive development and academic performance. Under-nutrition will also affect physical growth and maturation, thus affecting growth rate, body weight and ultimately height.

How does nutrition affect intelligence?

Children given more ‘fast food’ meals will grow up to have a lower IQ than those regularly given freshly cooked meals, according to a study by a researcher at Goldsmiths, University of London.

How adequate nutrition before a child’s birth is important?

Adequate nutrition is necessary for normal brain development. Nutrition is especially important during pregnancy and infancy, which are crucial periods for the formation of the brain, laying the foundation for the development of cognitive, motor, and socio-emotional skills throughout childhood and adulthood.

What nutrients does a woman need daily?

But women also have special nutrient needs, and, during each stage of a woman’s life, these needs change.Eating Right. … Iron-rich Foods. … Folate (and Folic Acid) During the Reproductive Years. … Daily Calcium and Vitamin D Requirements. … Guidelines on Added Sugars, Saturated Fats and Alcohol. … Balancing Calories with Activity.

What are the objectives of maternal and child health?

The specific objectives of MCH Care focuses on the reduction of maternal, perinatal, infant and childhood mortality and morbidity and the promotion of reproductive health and the physical and psychosocial development of the child and adolescent within the family.

What is maternal and child nutrition?

Maternal & Child Nutrition addresses fundamental aspects of nutrition and its outcomes in women and their children, both in early and later life, and keeps its audience fully informed about new initiatives, the latest research findings and innovative ways of responding to changes in public attitudes and policy.

What is maternal malnutrition?

Maternal nutrition refers to the nutritional needs of women during antenatal and postnatal periods and sometimes also to the period prior to conception (i.e. during adolescence) [1]. Maternal undernutrition or chronic energy deficit is defined as having a body mass index of <18.5.

Why is nutrition important for brain development?

The Role of Nutrition and Brain Development Early nutrient shortages can reduce brain cell production. Later nutrient shortages can impact cell size and complexity. Nutrient deficits also impact the complex chemical processes of the brain and can lead to less efficient communication between brain cells.

Why is maternal nutrition so important for child health?

A healthy maternal dietary pattern, along with adequate maternal body composition, metabolism and placental nutrient supply, reduces the risk of maternal, fetal and long-term effects in the offspring.

What factors contribute to and affect a child’s health status?

Nutrition and access to good healthcare are both keys to ensuring a child is healthy and can become a healthy adult. Family and community factors impact children in an important way. We know that children grow best in families, with supportive and trusting relationships to help them learn and grow.

How can I improve my baby’s health?

One important way to improve the health of infants is through breastfeeding. Breast milk contains antibodies that can help protect infants from a variety of illnesses. Among breastfed babies, conditions such as ear infections, obesity, asthma, and diarrhea are less common.

What is the function of maternal health care?

It encompasses the health care dimensions of family planning, preconception, prenatal, and postnatal care in order to ensure a positive and fulfilling experience, in most cases, and reduce maternal morbidity and mortality, in other cases.